My brother-in-law has working remotely figured out. That comfy lounge chair with hidden chargers, power strip, and mini-foldup desktop, along with a myriad of electronic devices make it possible for him to live in a small community and work for a large company. There are also other necessary support things, such as a close by airport for jetting into the office, dependable high-speed internet, year around skiing, the pool in the backyard, and view off the upper back deck.
While not every job is a good fit for remote work, every economy and community can benefit from it. Most jobs are location dependent , but not all. My brother-in-law is a MAP or highly specialized, Multi-Affiliated Professional with decades of experience in IT.
Many computer-related jobs fit in with working remotely, but so do careers such as writers, artists, accountants, and other jobs that are more project based, which appears to be the new trend with 89 percent of jobs moving to more project-based work. It has been projected that 30 percent of the near future workforce will be freelance, outsourced, or remote. It also helps if they are trusted, dependable, and skilled in the tools needed to make a near seamlessly shift to home.
Economic benefits include:
--Retention and employee loyalty can be enhanced through working remotely. Employers benefit from reduced turnover. Communities benefit by retaining typically better paid employees and keeping more of those paycheck dollars local. Combine working remotely with flexible schedules and open the door to more potential employees. Families struggle to meet scheduling needs of education, health care, and family care/assistance. Being able to work around some of those issues using remote work and flexible schedules demonstrate compassion to the challenges families face every day.
--Reducing office overhead costs for employers. It has been estimated that a typical employer can reduce $11,000 per year in office space by employing a remote worksite strategy half of the time and adopting a hot-space strategy. Additional reduced costs could include janitorial services, supplies, and parking.
--Providing opportunities for underemployed or part-time workers, which could include retirees and students alike. Working remotely has enticed my brother-in-law to work a few more years rather than retiring early. Working remotely is a great strategy for retaining older generations in the workforce and 74 percent of them want work flexibility. 
--Reducing absenteeism which has been reported by some companies as a69 percent reduction. Why? Reduction in commuting stress (reported to be a whopping 55 percent), reduced recovery time, ability to better manage health issues (such as autoimmune diseases and allergies), and reducing exposure to illnesses often spread in the office (colds, flu, etc.).
--Improving productivity by minimizing workplace distraction and noise. There are reports that productivity can be increased by 13 percent . It has been reported that the US loses $1.8 trillion a year in productivity from distractions like water cooler gossip to excessive commuting, health problems and more. Productivity could also be increased by being able to offer a job to the most qualified candidate regardless of where they live. This could be particularly critical if those skills/knowledges are not available locally, and if those potential employees are unable to move due to family commitments or even a lack of local housing options.
--Reducing time and resources. What’s excessive when it comes to commuting? It has been estimated that the US could save 280 million barrels of oil every year and get the equivalent of 9 million cars of the road by leveraging remote work. Reducing the commute pays back dividends in happier employees that are more productive.
It also reduces costs employees absorb such as: vehicle purchase, fuel, maintenance; coffee in route; higher clothing and grooming expenses (not only for the workplace but to withstand the weather during the commute), increased risk of disease (exposure to illness during the commute especially on public transportation, and exposure to poor air and water quality), injury (weather related slips/falls, heat exhaustion, frost bite, etc.), and potential for vehicle accidents, slips and falls due to foot traffic congestion and traffic), and finally the potential for crime). Working remotely may be more desirable than a raise to many workers. 
--Creativity... imagine creativity being inspired by a work site. Could that give your company an edge over competition?
Many States are supporting working remotely as a way to attract businesses (Maine, New Hampshire, Montana, Michigan, Vermont to name a few). Some are offering incentives, legislation, and have initiated programs to help bring college graduates back home that might benefit from a remote job.[1,5]
Remote Work Benefits Rural Economies and Communities (https://www.workflexibility.org/remote-work-benefits-rural-economies-communities/)
8 Benefits of Allowing Employees to Work Remotely (https://recruitloop.com/blog/8-benefits-allowing-employees-work-remotely/)
How the Rise of the Remote Worker Will Change the Economy Forever (https://blog.mavenlink.com/how-the-rise-of-the-remote-worker-will-change-the-economy-forever)
Benefits Of Telecommuting For The Future Of Work (https://www.forbes.com/sites/andrealoubier/2017/07/20/benefits-of-telecommuting-for-the-future-of-work/#2e8b328a16c6)
Rural Economies Have a Labor Problem. Are Remote Workers the Solution? (https://www.zenefits.com/blog/rural-economies-remote-workers-solution/)